Minnergate

Altcoins Mining Guide: Monero, Ethereum

This altcoins mining guide is made by a beginner for beginners. The mining process is tedious and does not give wealth, but it helps us to understand the whole process and what is cryptocurrency.

1. What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a currency that has a digital format. Usually, has no legal value. But as the founder of Bitcoin said: the value of a coin is given by the people who use it.

The cryptocurrency, like all currencies, also has its corresponding “ticket”, which would come to be the euro and dollar bills. But unlike the physical ones, the cryptocurrencies, are based on hashes (complex numbers), that would correspond to the currency or ticket.

2. What is mining?

The mining of a coin is based on the random generation of hashes from a formula. The randomly generated hash applies another formula that validates whether the hash corresponds to a coin (the ticket) or not.

I recommend the reading the following article, from a guy that explains, in a practical way, how it is done by doing it by HAND. Specifically, it attempts to mine a Bitcoin:
Mining Bitcoin with Pencil and Paper

2.1 Mining Difficulty

There is a parameter inside the coin mining called difficulty. The mining difficulty increases with time as the volume of a coin created is greater. Basically, when mining, the random hashes generation formula tell you that these hashes must be between 2 points, it would be a start and an end. When you just look at two points the distance is exponentially increased and you start again. (I remind you that this are basic definitions and explanations and are only guidance).

At this point, the difficulties of the currencies are high, for that reason the mine is complex because it costs a lot to find currencies since the two points commented, are very far between them.

You can look at this entry in Bitcoin Wikipedia  explaining that difficulty is:
Mining Difficulty

2.2 Mining Pool

Mine pools are servers on which many people are mining at the same time based on a position between those two points. When one of the people finds a coin, a reward is distributed on a percentage basis of time used to find it. So if in a Pool we are 3 people and 1 of them has been 5 hours mining and the other 2 have been 2.5 hours each, the percentage to be distributed is 50% for the 5 hours and 25% of the value of the coin to the other 2 people.

 

2.3 Mining Ways

There are two ways to mine. It can be mined with CPU or it can be mined with GPU.
Currently, GPU mining is much powerful, current video cards like the NVIDIA GTX Series allow for high mine power.

Personally, as my interest in mining is based more on knowledge and finally currency speculation, I am not interested in a potent mine hardware. Right now I’m mining with Alienware m14x which has 8 CPUs and a NVIDIA GT555M from 3Gb.

This hardware makes:

  • 150kH/s for Ethereum
  • 60 H/s for Monero con CPU
  • 40 H/s for Monero con GPU

I have not been able to mine ETH with GPU on this machine. The reason is that to be able to mine ETH with GPU it takes 4Gb of RAM to store a file called DAG that is generated prior to the process of mining of Ethereum.

 

2.4 Considerations

Well, this section is here thinking about people who say that it is not worth putting on mine. Actually, it’s worth, but it’s not worth it. If you do not have a powerful Hardware it is not worth it in case you are looking for economic benefits. It’s worth if you move other ideas. I do it for learning and for having some crypto money in my pocket. I think it is a coin that is there and that at one time or another will be regularized.

 

3. Go to Mine

To start mining you need 2 things, the hardware to mine and the software. We’re supposed to already have Hardware so let’s look at Software and Mining Platforms.

3.1 Nicehash

It is a platform on which you make available your resources and they undermine. They pay you at the end of the month in bitcoins and done. I have not played with this platform but I will not delay.
https://www.nicehash.com/

 

3.2 Minergate

It is the platform we use in EBAVS. If you want to register I will ask you to please enter the affiliation link, THANKS !:
https://minergate.com/a/bead6c75aefbf9991fff8c42

Minergate has software that runs on multiple platforms and allows us to mine by CPU or by GPU (The GPU option is not activated if you do not have a supported NVIDIA).

minergate software

 

You just have to register, download the software from its website and you can start mining.
What they do is create pools for joint mining, it is a way of mining and you receive rewards based on the number of mined Hash or effort.

3.2.1 Minergate Tips

Minergate is not the best platform but the simplest one. In fact, there are users who have complained that it does not count everything it should. I use it for simplicity.

This platform will not let you take out your cryptocurrency if you do not reach a minimum. These minimums according to Hardware are complicated to arrive. For ETH the minimum is 0.001 or for XMR is 0.1. You have to take into account that you must have something more because they stay a fee (small commission)

 

3.3 What currency should I mine?

Minergate supports a lot of coins, the funny thing is that the most important (except ETH) are not. I mean Bitcoin and ZCash.
The coins it supports are:

* AEON
* BCN – ByteCoin: Not to be confused with BITCOIN, I got confused. It has nothing to do with it.
* DSH – Dashcoin
* ETC – Ethereum Classic
* ETH – Ethereum
* FCN – Fantomcoin
* INF8
* MCN
* QCN
* XDN
* XMR – Monero

After researching a little, look around and there and do mine testing I stayed with ETH and XMR. Over time I was left alone with Monero (XMR). It is the cryptocurrency that more profit is taken out now and in the medium term, you can look for the change to Bitcoin or ETH.

Mining ETH is no longer profitable unless you have the last generation card. It is important that the card has 4Gb of RAM and if the RAM is GDDR5 (I think) better. The requirement of the 4Gb is because when starting to mine ETH creates a DAG (I do not know what it is) and it occupies between 3.5Gb and 3.8Gb and experts say that it is best to leave it in the RAM of the card. Current mining software does not support mines with GPU if you do not have the 4GB of RAM.

If you look at the calculator of Minergate, you will see that the best currency to mine is XMR. (Set the H / s to which you create, I put 60H / s which is the minimum I do for Cryptonote).
Crytonote Calculator

I leave a screenshot of the moment in which I write these lines.

 

cryptonote exchange rate

Also, minning ZCash.

 

3.4 Mining Multicoin

There are several currencies that share the hash search formula or coin mint, Cryptonight. This allows that while we are mining one currency, another one can be mined at the same time. The process of mining is still a formula that generates Hashes and another that looks if that hash corresponds to a currency. I understand that in the process of looking at whether it is a coin you can also look at whether it is another. In Minergate we only have to select the extra currency that we want to mine:

multicoin selector

Minergate allows you to make combinations between Monero, FantomCoin and DigitalNote.

I chose FantomCoin. I do not know if it is the best option or not.

 

3.5 CPU management

This is more advice than anything else. When you are mining with CPU do not put them all, leave one free. This makes mine a bit faster and better. The explanation is simple. If you put all the CPUs to mine the operating system and other functions of the PC stop processing. They ask for permission to execute by creating a queue of instructions and inserting the basic tasks of the Operating System. In the end, the whole system becomes saturated and the mine goes much slower. If you leave 1 single CPU the PC will go more fluid and mine too. (Tested in Windows 7 and 8).

3.6 Rewards

Minergate offers two types of reward or Reward in English. PPS and PPLNS:

  • PPS: Pay Per Share: They pay by all your sends. Actually is 1%.
  • PPLNS: Pay Per Last N Shares.  This is used for Ethereum. And it is paid at 1.5%. I know that only the last ones sent are used in percentage form.

 

4. Wallets

Wallets are where we keep the mined coin. It’s like the wallet we carry in our pocket. For each different currency, we will have a Wallet.

There are 2 types of Wallet. The first we installed it on our own computers and there we stored the crypto coins that they send us. The second one is Online. Minergate gives us wallets for all coins. At this moment I’m using this last system.

ATTENTION!!!! – DO NOT USE FREEWALLET, seems to be some type of scam as I read in some forum.

4. Wallets

Wallets are where we keep the mined coin. It’s like the wallet we carry in our pocket. For each different currency, we will have a Wallet.

There are 2 types of Wallet. The first we installed it on our own computers and there we stored the crypto coins that they send us. The second one is Online. Minergate gives us wallets for all coins. At this moment I’m using this last system.

Actually, I’m using three (3) different wallets to store my cryptos. Two online and one local. The local wallets have their mirror in blockchain (online too, but I want to talk local because you can delete them) to restore your money in case of an accident. Remember to store your phrase in different places.

ATTENTION!!!! – DO NOT USE FREEWALLET, seems to be some type of scam as I read in some forum.

4.1 Monero Wallet (XMR) (mymonero)

One of the most famous wallets is MyMonero. You can create an account and store your XMR there. You can access with your browser. It’s important don’t forget your passphrase (long phrase with 10 to 20 words). If you lose passphrase you lose your money.

4.2 Ethereum Wallet (ETH)(Metamask)

Metamask is a browser extension that makes a local account when you can store your ETH. Like MyMonero, Metamask, will make a long passphrase that you need to save in a safe place. If you lose your password or computer brokes or remove chrome you lose your ETH. With your phrase, you can restore your ETH from blockchain.

4.3 Bitcoin Wallet (BTC)(Coinbase)

To store Bitcoins I’m using Coinbase. Coinbase is a trader web of cryptocurrency. If you want to register, please, use my referer: https://www.coinbase.com/join/59900bc29fb68002db9ece08
For Bitcoin donations: 1FjNpmcnmWxiCWp8cKhEkaSMFNYQwU3fES

5. Taxes

(this only applies to Spain country)

At first, I thought that “hacienda” was kept apart from the cryptocurrency, total, is unrecognized. Nothing is further from reality. The government recognizes crypto coins as foreign exchange and is subject to the same tax.

Everything explained here (Spanish):

http://www.bolsamania.com/noticias/declaracion-renta/los-impuestos-del-bitcoin-y-el-ether-asi-tributan-operadores-mineros-y-comercios-que-trabajan-con-criptodivisas–2724307.html

Summary:
Hacienda understands mining as an immediate benefit and therefore tax from the outset as long as we exceed the minimum income to tax (I think remembering around 3000 € / year). In case of exceeding the minimum, we must register for self-employed and declare the benefits by paying the corresponding tax (IRPF).

Spain recognizes Bitcoin and the rest of cryptocurrency like a foreign exchange, therefore taxed like if we have an account in Dollars ($).

In the case of buying/selling Cryptocoins through any Trader, it should be taxed to finance that will stay between 19% and 23%.

6. Interesting links

Collection of links used in this article:
https://www.nicehash.com/ – Mining platform
https://minergate.com/a/bead6c75aefbf9991fff8c42 – Mining platform
http://www.righto.com/2014/09/mining-bitcoin-with-pencil-and-paper.html – Mining Bitcoin with pencil and paper
https://es.minergate.com/calculator/cryptonote – Minergate Calculator
http://whattomine.com/ – To calculate the energy expenditure according to the graphics card you have
http://www.mycryptobuddy.com/ – View earnings for days/months view

 

7. Donations

If you want to donate us, this are our wallet address:

BTC: 1FjNpmcnmWxiCWp8cKhEkaSMFNYQwU3fES

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